BC’s Great Bear Rainforest is one of the largest intact areas of coastal temperate rainforest remaining on Earth. Influenced by the ocean and Coast mountain ranges, abundant rainfall makes the terrestrial and marine ecosystems of the Great Bear Rainforest (also known as the Central and North Coast of BC) some of the most productive and biologically diverse on the planet. Five species of salmon, Sitka spruce trees, rainforest wolves and eulachon are just some of the unique plant and animal populations found in the region.
It is the diversity of these lands and waters that has supported the rich cultures of 25 different First Nations since time immemorial. Today First Nations living in small remote communities up and down the coast rely on the abundance of the land and sea for traditional food, social and ceremonial uses, from medicinal plants to local food sources such as roe on kelp, salmon and deer. For over a century, First Nations have witnessed unprecedented exploitation of land and marine resources in this globally significant part of the world.